There are six District Courts, one for each administrative district of the Republic of Cyprus (Nicosia, Famagusta, Limassol, Larnaca, Paphos and Kyrenia).
Since the invasion of Cyprus by Turkey in 1974 and the occupation of nearly 40% of the island by the Turkish army, the District Court of Famagusta is now located at the nearby town of Paralimni and the District Court of Kyrenia is now located at Nicosia.
The District Courts have jurisdiction to hear and determine at first instance all civil actions, with the exception of matters that fall within the jurisdiction of the Rent Control Tribunal, the Industrial Disputes Tribunal and the Family Court.
The District Courts also have criminal jurisdiction and can try all criminal cases for offences punishable with up to 5 years imprisonment. Offences for which the maximum penalty exceeds 5 years imprisonment are tried by the Assize Court.
Cases before District Courts are heard by a single Judge.